Instrument and equipment inventory:
Spec 20 Inventory and calibration data
GC and HPLC Columns
Science Hall Room 317
Science Hall 317A
Science Hall 321
download a Text File of the inventory click here.
Operating instructions for selected instruments:
Barnstead model C2250 steam sterilizer
Care of the NMR Magnet
Spec 20 Operation, analog and digital
Hints, Tips, and Tricks for Using the Spec 20
Hints, tips, and Tricks for using the
Varian Cary Eclipse Fluorescence Instrument
Nicolet FTIR Including Attenuated
Reflectance Sampling Accessory
LC/MSD Data Analysis
Beckman DU-640 to PC Data Transfer
Molecular Devices V-max
Beckman P/ACE System
Clearing type D-2 and S-7 errors on the Beckman centrifuge.
Easy Internal Standard Calculations for HPLC
Repair and calibration data
Kendro CO2 Incubator in Science Hall 321
How to Perform the Molecular Devices Plate Reader
Gowanus Canal Research
Wharfs and other marine facilities on
the Gowanus Canal as of 1965 and 1978
Map of the Gowanus Canal in 1965 (Courtesy US
Army Corps of Engineers Port Series # 5)
Gowanus Canal Timeline and List of Superfund
Sites as of 2007
Gowanus Canal sediment contamination analytical
results for Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination
The Gowanus Creek in the 1780's (Library of Congress)
Passaic River Data
List of Docks, Wharves, Shipyards, and Industrial Users of the Passaic
River in 1965 and 1978. Includes information about bulkhead and dock construction
as well as the cargoes, railroad, and highway connections for each shipper.
(Courtesy US Army Corps of Engineers)
1965 Maps of the Passaic River at the junction of Newark Bay (south) (north)
1965 Maps of the Passaic River at Harrison Reach and Point-no-Point (east) (west)
1965 Map of the Passaic River at Newark
and East Newark
1965 Map of the Passaic River at Kearny
1965 Map of the Passaic River at East
1965 Map of the Passaic River at Wallington
Gateway National Recreation Area Research
PhD Dissertation chapters as PDF files:
Chapter 1, Introduction
Chapter 2, Materials
Chapter 3, Characterization of Sedimentary Organic
Matter in the Gateway National Recreation Area by Pyrolysis GC/MS (TEXT) (ILLUSTRATIONS)
Chapter 4, Sedimentary Organic Matter in the Dundee
Lake Section of the Passaic River by Pyrolysis GC/MS (TEXT) (ILLUSTRATIONS)
Chapter 5, Urban
Sediment Management, Looking to the Future
PART TWO: Jamaica Bay – New York’s Conflicted
Backyard – A Case Study in Urban Environmental Management. (TEXT) (ILLUSTRATIONS)
Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH) concentrations in Jamaica Bay. National
Park Service Study Number GATE-00174. Research Permit Number
Master Sampling Point Map for Jamaica Bay
Overview of Summer 2007
Northwestern Corner of
Jamaica Bay for Summer 2007 Sampling Program
Norton Basin Summer 2007
Sailing on Jamaica Bay,
Clamming on Long Island's southern shore 1886
Fish Oil processing plant on Barren Island, 1871
Army Corps of Engineers 1977 Port Series Maps of Jamaica Bay
Rockaway Inlet and the entrance to Jamaica Bay including Sheepshead Bay, Gravesend Bay, Coney Island, Manhattan
Beach, Mill Basin, East Mill Basin, Gerritsen
Creek, Gerritsen Inlet, Plumb Beach Channel, Dead
Horse Bay, 1977
Western portion of Jamaica Bay including Barren Island (Floyd Bennett
Field), Ruffle Bar, the Raunt, and Beach Channel,
Northern and western portion of Jamaica Bay including Bergen Beach, Bergen
Basin, Canarsie, Paerdegat Basin, Big Fishkill
Channel, Yellow Bar Hassock, Pumpkin Patch Channel, Rulers Bar Hassock, and
the western portion of Grassy Bay, 1977
Center portion of Jamaica Bay including
Brant Point, Winhole Channel, Grass Hassock
Channel, Grassy Bay, JFK International Airport, Bergen Basin, 1977
Eastern portion of Jamaica Bay including
Atlantic Beach, Bass Channel, Somerville Basin, Norton Basin, Motts Basin, Inwood Creek, Head of Bay, Grass Hassock Channel, 1977
(Note: This map does not show the Little Bay. Little Bay opens onto
the west shore of the Norton Basin. The Edgemere Landfill (since
closed) is located on the peninsula forming the western shore of Norton
Key to wharves and docks in Jamaica Bay 1977
List of dredging permits issued by the US Army Corps of Engineers for
Jamaica Bay prior to 1971
Map of pollution sources and
general pollution distribution in Jamaica Bay as of 1970. Includes
sewer outfalls and landfills.
US Army Corps of Engineers 1999 Port Series Data on Jamaica Bay
List of wharves and docks in Jamaica Bay 1999
Map of all aviation fuel,
petroleum products, and sewage sludge facilities as of 1999
Map of the eastern end of Jamaica Bay showing aviation fuel, petroleum
products, and sewage sludge facilities as of 1999
Map of sand, gravel, stone, and cement
facilities as of 1999
The Neighborhoods of Jamaica Bay
Map showing the approximate date when residential development began in the
neighborhoods of Jamaica Bay
List of the neighborhoods around Jamaica Bay including data on the earliest
residential developments and the mean age of the housing units.
The years identified as "earliest suburban development) are those in
which the first planned, large-scale, suburban tracts were first
created. This is only a rough guide to the age of the neighborhood
and does not necessarily reflect the actual age of the housing stock or the
majority of the developed land. For example, Canarsie was a thriving
village in the 1860s but was not specifically developed as a residential
neighborhood until much later. Springfield Gardens first attracted
developers in the 1900s but underwent its greatest population growth in the
Note: The median age of the housing stock is based on the 2000 census.
The History of Jamaica Bay
Abstract of the Presentation: Jamaica
Bay as New York City's Conflicted Backyard: Recreation And Refuse,
Transportation And Trash, Wetlands And Wastelands. Presented at
the 28th Annual Drew Symposium of Industrial Archaeology in the New York -
New Jersey Area. Roebling
Chapter of the Society for Industrial Archaeology, October 2008.
Student Exercises and Data Sets
Chem - 100 Graphing Exercises:
Part one Acids, bases and the pH scale
Part two Are Potassium and pH related in
Part three Surface Water Temperatures
in New Jersey for 2005
Preakness Brook Nitrate Determinations, Wayne Township, New Jersey
Weston Science Scholars, Aquatic Robotics, Summer 2007 Ben Grund and Tristan Sinofsky
Science Scholars, From
The Atlantic To The Watchungs: Exploring Environmental Chromatography,
Summer 2008, Justine Appel and Mary Offutt-Reagin
Science Scholars, The Great Sea Nettle Invasion And How We Helped, Summer
2010, Crystal Iton and Karim
Science Scholars, Exploring the Toms River Sediments, Summer 2012, Grace
Link, Paul Benya, and Gabriel Schaffner
of the sediments
Download the complete presentation.
Where do the Numbers Come From?
An introduction to water analysis chemistry for teachers grades 6 to
12. Presented at the 2007 Watershed Educators Conference at the
Willow School, June 26, 2007.
Blanks, Spikes, QC Samples, Matrix Spikes, and
other types of quality control samples for the environmental laboratory
(and other regulated laboratories) with easy instructions and explanations
for calculating spike amounts and percent recovery. Based on the New
Jersey Administrative Code.
May 2005 HPLC Class
To see the Power Point Slides on line click
Can the Atlantic Salmon be Brought Back to the Passaic
River? A Preliminary Environmental Model of PAH Chemodynamics
and Their Likely Effect on Salmo salar
Index to the Highlander,
the magazine of the North
Jersey Highlands Historical Society.
The Montclair & Greenwood Lake Railroad.
The Atlantic & Hibernia Railroad.
Images of the Port of New York including proposals for what might have
Rail-Marine arrangements for coal delivery, Sewaren Power Plant as of 1957
Ship loading and
unloading technologies which pre-date containers and container
ships. Includes use of hoists built into the dockside warehouses,
railroad rotary coal dumpers, the Erie Railroad's rotary coal dumper
loading a schooner, the West Shore Railroad in Weehawken, Banana Conveyors
in the Port of Mobile, and New Jersey Tomato Boats.
New York City's 1898 steam powered catamaran used to dispose of ashes in
the ocean. The Cinderella was one of several vessels of this
type. Note the large bins used to hold the ashes on the platform
between the two hulls.
The First Standard Gauge, Full Size Electric Locomotive in the World,
Baltimore And Ohio Railroad, 1851.
This experimental locomotive was built by a Dr. Charles Grafton Page MD
(1812 - ?). It was powered by 100 zinc - acid batteries slung under the locomotive body.
The motor consisted of two pairs of electromagnets alternatively pulling on
a piston which drove the wheel cranks. This
was referred to as an "axial" motor. The engine measured 21
feet long, 15 feet high, with a five foot driver
and 30-inch leading wheels. It was financed with funds from the
federal government (not the railroad) and Page's own money. On its
first and only trip, the locomotive reached 19 miles per hour at the start
of her five mile run between Washington and Bladensburg, Maryland, on April
Selected topics in chemistry and chemical history
Who invented the use of chlorine to sterilize swimming
pools and where was it first used? A short abstract of a longer
paper submitted to the Bulletin for the
History of Chemistry. This paper discusses the history of
chlorine use for swimming pools in the United States. It begins with
the use of chlorine for potable water purification and explains how this
technology was adapted for swimming pools. Other topics include the
relationship between post war polio outbreaks and chlorine treatments, the
rise in the number of pools, and the search for sterilization methods which are chlorine free.
H. Julius Smith, Pompton Lakes Industrial
Pioneer. Biographical sketch and discussion of the role Smith
played in the development of his community. His factory later became the
nucleus of the DuPont works in Pompton Lakes.
Acetic Acid, Industrial Vinegar, and Jersey
Lightning. Article describing the production of Apple Brandy and
its conversion to vinegar for
Early Investigations of Methane in New Jersey.
Article reproduced from the Indicator
describing the various investigations into methane (or swamp gas) and how
the gas was thought related to Yellow Fever.
Edison invented the light bulb, but Who
Invented the Twisty Little Bit of Wire Inside the Light Bulb?
Article reproduced from the Indicator.
A study of how Thomas Edison, Edward Weston, and other Victorian
inventors attempted to produce a long-lasting and reliable filament for the
Seashores, Soil Chemistry, and Hadrosaurs,
Or how the need for a good soil conditioner lead to the discovery of New
Jersey's State Dinosaur. Article reproduced from the Indicator. Before the
advent of commercial fertilizers, New Jersey farmers used Greensand Marls
as a soil conditioner. Because it was formed in marine environments,
the sediments containing this mineral contain the bones of dinosaurs that
lived in riverine and estuarine habitats.
When Newark was America's Celluloid Capital. Article reproduced
from the Indicator.
During the second half of the 1800's and into the early 1900's,
Newark, New Jersey was at the center of the celluloid industry. A
number of important discoveries and innovations were made there.
Science on the Hill, Chemists Who Have Served in the United States Congress.
Article reproduced from the November 2006 issue of the Indicator. A list of
chemists who have served in Congress from the late 1700's to the present
day. (Note: This piece appeared before the 2006 mid-term elections.)
Not Necessarily Shoddy, What Every New Jersey
Chemist Should Know About the Marvelous Science Between the Sheep and the
Sweater. Article reproduced from the March 2007 issue of
the Indicator. New
Jersey was a major center of wool production and this piece describes some
of the chemistry necessary to prepare wool cloth.
A Snapshot of Chemistry in the Fall of 1908.
Article reproduced from the October 2008 issue of the Indicator. This article
describes the significant discoveries and the important issues facing
chemistry at the time, such as pure foods and electric cars.
Black Bones and Vitriol,
or how a small farm near Newark helped to launch an agricultural revolution.
A two-part article reproduced from the Indicator. It explores
some of the discoveries and developments in fertilizer technologies during
the 1800s, especially those made by James Jay Mapes,
a chemist active in New York City and Newark, New Jersey.
CHEMISTRY SAVES CHRISTMAS, ENHANCES HANUKKAH, and
LIGHTS UP THE SOLSTICE Or, Exploring the Science Behind the Lights and the
Tinsel. Article reproduced from the Indicator.
Finding Pure Drinking Water in 1876, Cutting
Edge Analytical Technology Used by the New Jersey Geological Survey.
In 1876 cities in Northern New Jersey faced a water supply crisis.
The Passaic River was no longer usable as a source of potable water and
alternatives had to be found. But at the time the germ theory of
disease was just beginning to be accepted and there was no clear
understanding of microbial action. The chemists at the New Jersey
Geological Survey employed chemical methods to evaluate water supplies for
disease-causing contamination. Their research lead
to the development of water supply reservoirs in the New Jersey
Highlands. Article reproduced from the Indicator.
Making the World Safe For Democracy but Putting the
Neighbors at Risk. The outbreak of the First World War in
the summer of 1914 created shortages of all kinds for America's chemical
laboratories, academic programs, and chemical industries as German imports
were cut off. Accidents and fires resulted from the country's
chemical industry having to cope with handling large quantities of
unfamiliar materials. Inventors set buildings on fire and forced the
evacuation of their neighbors as they tried to find substitutes for the
previously imported items. Article reproduced from the
New Jersey and TV, More than the
Sopranos. New Jersey was the
scene of many important technical developments in the field of television
and television broadcasting. Several
early television manufacturers were located in the state and Jersey City
even staged a city-wide demonstration of
television technology in 1930.
Article reproduced from the Indicator.
a City of 5,000,000 Recycle 60% of its Organic Waste? Lessons from 1910 New York,” Poster
presented at Montclair State University’s International Symposium on Sustainability
Science: the Emerging Paradigm and the Urban Environment, Montclair
State University, October 2010
A Chemist Looks At Skiing. When I was a
very young man I had an aunt living in Norway who eschewed all modern
technology and still used rabbit skins on the bottoms of her cross country skis.
For the rest of us the sport of skiing, from snowmaking to ski
bases, uses a plethora of advanced materials and high tech
engineering. Article reproduced from
Chemistry at the New Jersey Shore. Charcoal, iron, paper, tar, turpentine,
and magnesium industries all were located at the Jersey Shore. Article reproduced from the Indicator.
The Chemistry Tricks Behind our Halloween
Treats, Article reproduced from the Indicator.
Science in the Subway, from
Metal Soaps to String Theory.
The New York City subways were the scene of a number of scientific
studies involving public health, odors, corrosion protection, cosmic
radiation, and even a play about String Theory.
Hail to the Chief (Chemist) who’s the leader of other
nations. In an earlier essay I
had explored the question about members of the United States Congress that
had been trained as chemists. At the time of this writing, the party
conventions are over and the presidential election campaigns for 2012 are
just beginning to ramp up. It seems like a good time to ask which heads of
state were trained as scientists or engineers. Article reproduced from the Indicator.
Photographs of Science Laboratories at Montclair
State College circa 1958.
Photograph of DuPont explosives manufacturing at Haskell,
New Jersey during the First World War.
Photograph of DuPont's aerial tramway system
at Haskell, New Jersey during the First World War.
Photograph of women assembling blasting caps
and fuses at the DuPont explosives manufacturing facility in Pompton
Lakes, New Jersey during the First World War.
A Short History of the Laboratory Robot, Rosie
the Robot – Laboratory Automation in the Second World War, and The
First 110 Years of Laboratory Automation.
Toilet Secrets of 1897. Reprint of a
newspaper article describing late Victorian cosmetics formulations with
commentary on the ingredients.
300 Years of Assaying American Iron and Iron Ores.
Paper originally published in the Bulletin for the
History of Chemistry. It describes the role of the assayer in
the growth of the American iron industry from the 1600's to the early
National Science Foundation grants are a major source of funding for all
types of research. But who
were the first scientists to receive NSF grants? What were the
first NSF grants for? Who received them? What role did the Cold
War play in the creation of the NSF? When were the first NSF grants
made? How did Congress nearly stop the NSF from getting established?
1950's Era power plant designs including a
proposal for a Seagram's distillery that would have provided steam for the
distillation process, heat for drying, and electricity.
Waste to Energy Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Technologies Especially
as Relates to New Jersey
Manufacturing laboratory ware at Kimble's New Jersey